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Hydrology

Marshall Richmond

Marshall Richmond

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352

Biography

Dr. Richmond is a Chief Engineer in the Hydrology Group. His professional experience includes basic and applied research, university teaching, and project management. His principal areas of expertise are in the development and application of computational models of hydrodynamics, sediment transport, and contaminant transport in environmental systems, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), physical modeling of hydraulic structures, fisheries engineering, and turbulence modeling in CFD. Dr. Richmond is the developer of the MASS1 (Modular Aquatic Simulation System) one-dimensional and MASS2 two-dimensional hydrodynamics and water quality computer models. He is the co-developer of an individual model for fish called FINS (Fish Individual-based Numerical Simulator). He is currently leading the development of a three-dimensional CFD model for engineered and environmental systems.

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Iowa, 1987
  • M.S., Civil and Environmental Engineering, Washington State University, 1983
  • B.S., Civil and Environmental Engineering, Washington State University, 1982

Awards and Recognitions

  • Exxon Fellow in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Iowa, 1983-1986
  • National Merit Corporate Sponsored Scholarship, Washington State University, 1978-1982
  • Waller Civil Engineering Scholarship, Washington State University, 1981

PNNL Publications

2016

  • Harding SF, B Sellar, and MC Richmond. 2016. "Field testing of a convergent array of acoustic Doppler profilers for high-resolution velocimetry in energetic tidal currents." In Proceedings of the 4th Marine Energy Technology Symposium (METS2016), April 25-27, 2016, Washington DC.  National Hydropower Association, Washington, DC. 
  • Harding SF, MC Richmond, PDJ Romero Gomez, and JA Serkowski. 2016. "Effects of non-homogenous flow on ADCP data processing in a hydroturbine forebay." Flow Measurement and Instrumentation 52:1-9.  doi:10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2015.12.010
  • Harding SF, PDJ Romero Gomez, and MC Richmond. 2016. Performance of Virtual Current Meters in Hydroelectric Turbine IntakesPNNL-25319, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Romero Gomez PDJ, and MC Richmond. 2016. "Numerical Simulation of Circular Cylinders in Free-Fall." Journal of Fluids and Structures 61:154-167.  doi:10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2015.11.010
  • Oostrom M, Y Mehmani, PDJ Romero Gomez, Y Tang, H Liu, H Yoon, Q Kang, V Joekar Niasar, M Balhoff, T Dewers, GD Tartakovsky, EAE Leist, NJ Hess, WA Perkins, CL Rakowski, MC Richmond, JA Serkowski, CJ Werth, AJ Valocchi, TW Wietsma, and C Zhang. 2016. "Pore-scale and Continuum Simulations of Solute Transport Micromodel Benchmark Experiments." Computational Geosciences 20(4):857-879.  doi:10.1007/s10596-014-9424-0
  • Richmond MC, PDJ Romero Gomez, JA Serkowski, CL Rakowski, and MJ Graf. 2016. Comparative Study of Barotrauma Risk during Fish Passage through Kaplan TurbinesPNNL-SA-113640, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2015

  • Mueller RP, CL Rakowski, WA Perkins, and MC Richmond. 2015. Assessment of Fluctuating Reservoir Elevations Using Hydraulic Models and Impacts to Larval Pacific Lamprey Rearing Habitat in the Bonneville Pool PNNL-23876, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Richmond MC, SF Harding, and PDJ Romero Gomez. 2015. "Numerical performance analysis of acoustic Doppler velocity profilers in the wake of an axial-flow marine hydrokinetic turbine." International Journal of Marine Energy 11:50-70.  doi:10.1016/j.ijome.2015.05.004
  • Scheibe TD, WA Perkins, MC Richmond, MI McKinley, PDJ Romero Gomez, M Oostrom, TW Wietsma, JA Serkowski, and JM Zachara. 2015. "Pore-Scale and Multiscale Numerical Simulation of Flow and Transport in a Laboratory-Scale Column." Water Resources Research 51(2):1023-1035.  doi:10.1002/2014WR015959
  • Sellar B, SF Harding, and MC Richmond. 2015. "High-resolution velocimetry in energetic tidal currents using a convergent-beam acoustic Doppler profiler." Measurement Science & Technology 26:, doi:10.1088/0957-0233/26/8/085801

2014

  • Durgesh V, J Thomson, MC Richmond, and B Polagye. 2014. "Noise correction of turbulent spectra obtained from Acoustic Doppler Velocimeters." Flow Measurement and Instrumentation 37:29-41.  doi:10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2014.03.001
  • Romero Gomez PDJ, and MC Richmond. 2014. "DISCRETE ELEMENT MODELING OF BLADE-STRIKE FREQUENCY AND SURVIVAL OF FISH PASSING THROUGH HYDROKINETIC TURBINES." In Proceedings of the 2nd Marine Energy Technology Symposium (METS), April 15-18, 2014, Seattle, Washington.  Virginia Tech University Libraries, Blacksburg, VA. 
  • Romero Gomez PDJ, and MC Richmond. 2014. "Simulating Blade-Strike on Fish passing through Marine Hydrokinetic Turbines." Renewable Energy 71:401-413.  doi:10.1016/j.renene.2014.05.051
  • Yang X, MC Richmond, TD Scheibe, WA Perkins, and H Resat. 2014. "Flow Partitioning in Fully Saturated Soil Aggregates." Transport in Porous Media 103(2):295-314.  doi:10.1007/s11242-014-0302-y
  • Richmond MC, and PDJ Romero Gomez. 2014. "Fish Passage though Hydropower Turbines: Simulating Blade Strike using the Discrete Element Method." In Proceedings of the 27th Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems (IAHR 2014), September 22-26, 2014, Montreal, Canada. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 22, no. 6, p. Paper No. 062010.  IOP Publishing, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.  doi:10.1088/1755-1315/22/6/062010
  • Richmond MC, and PDJ Romero Gomez. 2014. "Turbulent Flow Effects on the Biological Performance of Hydro-Turbines." In HydroVision 2014:Energizing Innovation, July 22-24, 2014, Nashville, TN.  HydroVision International, Tulsa, OK. 
  • Richmond MC, JA Serkowski, CL Rakowski, B Strickler, M Weisbeck, and CL Dotson. 2014. "Computational Tools to Assess Turbine Biological Performance." Hydro Review 33(6):,
  • Richmond MC, JA Serkowski, LL Ebner, M Sick, RS Brown, and TJ Carlson. 2014. "Quantifying Barotrauma Risk to Juvenile Fish during Hydro-turbine Passage." Fisheries Research 154(2014):152-164.  doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2014.01.007

2013

  • Yang X, TD Scheibe, MC Richmond, WA Perkins, SJ Vogt, SL Codd, JD Seymour, and MI Mckinley. 2013. "Direct Numerical Simulation of Pore-Scale Flow in a Bead Pack: Comparison with Magnetic Resonance Imaging Observations." Advances in Water Resources 54:288-241.  doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2013.01.009
  • Arntzen EV, BL Miller, AC O'Toole, SE Niehus, and MC Richmond. 2013. Evaluating greenhouse gas emissions from hydropower complexes on large rivers in Eastern WashingtonPNNL-22297, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Richmond MC, CL Rakowski, JA Serkowski, B Strickler, M Weisbeck, and CL Dotson. 2013. "Design Tools to Assess Hydro-Turbine Biological Performance: Priest Rapids Dam Turbine Replacement Project." In HydroVision 2013: Proceedings of the HydroVision International Conference, July 23-26, 2013, Denver, Colorado.  HCI Publications, Forest Hills, NY. 
  • Richmond MC, WA Perkins, TD Scheibe, A Lambert, and BD Wood. 2013. "Flow and axial dispersion in a sinusoidal-walled tube: Effects of inertial and unsteady flows." Advances in Water Resources 62(Part B):215-226.  doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2013.06.014
  • Richmond MC, PDJ Romero Gomez, and CL Rakowski. 2013. Simulating Collisions for Hydrokinetic TurbinesPNNL-22580, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Thomson J, L Kilcher, MC Richmond, J Talbert, A deKlerk, B Polagye, M Guerra, and R Cienfuegos. 2013. "TIDAL TURBULENCE SPECTRA FROM A COMPLIANT MOORING." In Proceedings of the 1st Marine Energy Technology Symposium, METS2013, April 10-11, 2013, Washington DC.  Foundation for Ocean Renewables, Gaithersburg, MD. 
  • Vernon CR, EV Arntzen, MC Richmond, RA McManamay, TP Hanrahan, and CL Rakowski. 2013. GIS Framework for Large River Geomorphic Classification to Aid in the Evaluation of Flow-Ecology RelationshipsPNNL-22296, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2012

2011

  • Carlson TJ, and MC Richmond. 2011. "Strategies for Assessment of the Biological Performance and Design of Hydroturbines ." In EPRI-DOE Conference on Environmentally-Enhanced Hydro Turbines, May 19-20, 2011, Washington DC.  Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Palo Alto, CA. 
  • Cada GF, and MC Richmond. 2011. "Can Fish Morphological Characteristics be Used to Re-design Hydroelectric Turbines?" In HydroVision Brazil: Nature's Power Source, September 20-22, 2011, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil.  PennWell Publishing, Tulsa, OK. 
  • Harding S, J Thomson, B Polagye, MC Richmond, V Durgesh, and I Bryden. 2011. "Extreme Value Analysis of Tidal Stream Velocity Perturbations." In Proceedings of the 9th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC 2011), September 5-9, 2011, Southampton, United Kingdom.  Sustainable Energy Research Group, University of Southampton , Southampton, United Kingdom. 
  • Hess NJ, M Oostrom, MA Celia, M Hilpert, Q Kang, LJ Pyrak-Nolte, TD Scheibe, AM Tartakovsky, CJ Werth, D Wildenschild, C Zhang, SE Bialkowski, TA Ghezzehei, G Tang, F Doster, J Kumar, R Parashar, R Gerlach, H Yoon, GD Redden, T Zhang, H Huang, J Nogues, W Deng, H Resat, KA Rod, DR Baer, RT Kelly, W Um, G Wang, MC Richmond, DR Rector, ML Stewart, HB Jung, and C Plata. 2011. EMSL Pore Scale Modeling Challenge/WorkshopPNNL-21086, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Richmond MC, V Durgesh, J Thomson, and B Polagye. 2011. Inflow Characterization for Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Devices. FY-2010 Annual Progress ReportPNNL-19859, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Richmond MC, V Durgesh, J Thomson, and B Polagye. 2011. Inflow Characterization for Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Devices. FY-2011: Annual Progress ReportPNNL-20463, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Richmond MC, JA Serkowski, TJ Carlson, LL Ebner, M Sick, and GF Cada. 2011. "Computational Fluid Dynamics Framework for Turbine Biological Performance Assessment." In EPRI-DOE Conference on Environmentally-Enhanced Hydro Turbines, May 19-20, 2011, Washington DC.  Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Palo Alto, CA. 

2010

2009

  • Deng Z, RP Mueller, and MC Richmond. 2009. "Measuring water velocity using DIDSON and image cross-correlation techniques." In Waterpower XVI: New Roles for Hydro in a Changing World, July 27-30, 2009, Spokane, Washington, p. Paper No. 130.  US Army Corps of Engineers, Washington DC. 
  • Perkins WA, and MC Richmond. 2009. Technical Review of the UNET2D Hydraulic ModelPNNL-18416, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Johnson GE, MC Richmond, JB Hedgepeth, GR Ploskey, MG Anderson, Z Deng, F Khan, RP Mueller, CL Rakowski, NK Sather, JA Serkowski, and JR Steinbeck. 2009. Smolt Responses to Hydrodynamic Conditions in Forebay Flow Nets of Surface Flow Outlets, 2007PNNL-17387, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Richmond MC, CL Rakowski, WA Perkins, JA Serkowski, LL Ebner, and SJ Schlenker. 2009. "Modeling Juvenile Salmon Egress Conditions in The Dalles Dam Tailrace using Computational Fluid Dynamics." In Waterpower XVI: New Roles for Hydro in a Changing World, July 27-30, 2009, Spokane, Washington, p. Paper No. 173.  US Army Corps of Engineers, Washington DC. 
  • Richmond MC, Z Deng, CA McKinstry, RP Mueller, TJ Carlson, and DD Dauble. 2009. "Response Relationship Between Juvenile Salmon and an Autonomous Sensor in Turbulent Flows." Fisheries Research 97(1-2):134-139.  doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2009.01.011
  • Richmond MC, and WA Perkins. 2009. "Efficient Calculation of Dewatered and Entrapped Areas Using Hydrodynamic Modeling and GIS." Environmental Modelling & Software 24(12):1447-1456.  doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2009.06.001

2008

  • Rakowski CL, WA Perkins, MC Richmond, and JA Serkowski. 2008. Simulations of The Dalles Dam Proposed Full Length SpillwallPNNL-17322, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Johnson GE, GR Ploskey, J Hedgepeth, F Khan, RP Mueller, WT Nagy, MC Richmond, and MA Weiland. 2008. "Reducing the Impacts of Hydroelectric Dams on Juvenile Anadromous Fishes: Bioengineering Evaluations Using Acoustic Imaging in the Columbia River, USA." In Dams: Impacts, Stability and Design, ed. WP Hayes & MC Barnes, pp. 1-48.  Nova Science Publishers, Hauppauge, NY. 

2007

  • Cook CB, MC Richmond, and JA Serkowski. 2007. "Observations of Velocity Conditions near a Hydroelectric Turbine Draft Tube Exit using ADCP Measurements." Flow Measurement and Instrumentation 18:148-155.  doi:10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2007.04.002
  • Deng Z, TJ Carlson, JP Duncan, and MC Richmond. 2007. "Applications of the Sensor Fish Technology." Hydro Review 26(5):10-14. 
  • Deng Z, TJ Carlson, JP Duncan, and MC Richmond. 2007. "Six-degree-of-freedom Sensor Fish design and instrumentation." Sensors 7(12):3399-3415. 
  • Perkins WA, and MC Richmond. 2007. MASS2, Modular Aquatic Simulation System in Two Dimensions, Theory and Numerical MethodsPNNL-14820-1, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Perkins WA, and MC Richmond. 2007. MASS2, Modular Aquatic Simulation System in Two Dimensions, User Guide and ReferencePNNL-14820-2, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Rakowski CL, LL Ebner, and MC Richmond. 2007. "Fast-Track Design Efforts Using CFD: Bonneville Second Powerhouse." In Proceedings of the 2004 World Water and Environmental Resources Congress June 27-July 1, 2004, Salt Lake City, UT, ed. G. Sehlke, D. F. Hayes and D. K. Stevens, p. 9 pages.  American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA.  doi:10.1061/40737(2004)233
  • Dauble DD, Z Deng, MC Richmond, RA Moursund, TJ Carlson, CL Rakowski, and JP Duncan. 2007. Biological Assessment of the Advanced Turbine Design at Wanapum Dam, 2005PNNL-16682, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Deng Z, GR Guensch, MC Richmond, MA Weiland, and TJ Carlson. 2007. "Prototype Measurements of Pressure Fluctuations in The Dalles Dam Stilling Basin." Journal of Hydraulic Research 45(5):674-678. 
  • Deng Z, JA Serkowski, T Fu, TJ Carlson, and MC Richmond. 2007. Synthesis of Sensor Fish Data for Assessment of Fish Passage Conditions at Turbines, Spillways, and Bypass Facilities - Phase 1: The Dalles Dam Spillway Case StudyPNNL-17148, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Deng Z, TJ Carlson, GR Ploskey, MC Richmond, and DD Dauble. 2007. "Evaluation of Blade-Strike Models for Estimating the Biological Performance of Kaplan Turbines." Ecological Modelling 208(2-4):165-176.  doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2007.05.019
  • Dresser TJ, CL Dotson, RK Fisher, MJ Graf, MC Richmond, CL Rakowski, TJ Carlson, D Mathur, and PG Heisey. 2007. "Wanapum Dam Advanced Hydro Turbine Upgrade Project: Part 2 - Evaluation of Fish Passage Test Results Using Computational Fluid Dynamics." In HydroVision 2006, July 31-August 4, 2006 Portland, Oregon, USA, p. 14 pages.  HCI Publications, Kansas City, MO. 
  • Johnson EL, TS Clabough, CA Peery, DH Bennett, TC bjornn, CC Caudill, and MC Richmond. 2007. "Estimating Adult Chinook Salmon Exposure to Dissolved Gas Supersaturation Downstream of Hydroelectric Dams Using Telemetry and Hydrodynamic Models." River Research and Applications 23(9):963-978. 
  • Johnson GE, F Khan, JR Skalski, CL Rakowski, MC Richmond, and JA Serkowski. 2007. Hydroacoustic Evaluation of Juvenile Salmonid Passage at The Dalles Dam Spillway, 2006PNNL-16458, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Perkins WA, MC Richmond, and GA McMichael. 2007. "Two-Dimensional Modeling of Time-Varying Hydrodynamics and Juvenile Chinook Salmon Habitat in the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River." In World Water and Environmental Resources Congress 2004, June 27 - July 1, 2004, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, ed. Gerald Sehlke, Donald F. Hayes, David K. Stevens, p. 180.  American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA.  doi:10.1061/40737(2004)180
  • Richmond MC, TJ Carlson, JA Serkowski, CB Cook, JP Duncan, and WA Perkins. 2007. Characterizing the Fish Passage Environment at The Dalles Dam Spillway: 2001-2004PNNL-16521, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Richmond MC, Z Deng, GR Guensch, H Tritico, and WH Pearson. 2007. "Mean Flow and Turbulence Characteristics of a Full-Scale Spiral Corrugated Culvert with Implications to Fish Passage." Ecological Engineering 30(4):333-340.  doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2007.04.011

2006

2005

2004

  • Cook CB, and MC Richmond. 2004. Simulating the Flow Field Upstream of the Dworshak Dam Regulating OutletsPNNL-14591, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Cook CB, and MC Richmond. 2004. "Monitoring and Simulating the 3-D Density Currents at the Confluence of the Snake and Clearwater Rivers." In World Water Congress 2004. Critical Transitions in Water and Environmental Resources Management. World Water and Environmental Resources Congress 2004, June 27 - July 1, 2004, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, ed. Gerald Sehlke, Donald F. Hayes, David K. Stevens.  American Society of Civil Engineering Press, Reston, VA.  doi:10.1061/40737(2004)186
  • Deng Z, MC Richmond, CS Simmons, and TJ Carlson. 2004. Six-Degree-of-Freedom Sensor Fish Design: Governing Equations and Motion ModelingPNNL-14779, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Guensch GR, MC Richmond, H Tritico, and WH Pearson. 2004. "Characterization of Turbulent Open Channel Flow in a Full-Scale Spiral Corrugated Culvert." In Critical Transitions In Water And Environmental Resources Management: Proceedings of the World Water and Environmental Resources Congress, ed. G Sehlke, DF Hayes and DK Stevens.  American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA.  doi:10.1061/40737(2004)183
  • Deng Z, MC Richmond, GR Guensch, and RP Mueller. 2004. Study of Fish Response Using Particle Image Velocimetry and High-Speed, High-Resolution Imaging PNNL-14819, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Neitzel DA, DD Dauble, GF Cada, MC Richmond, GR Guensch, RP Mueller, CS Abernethy, and BG Amidan. 2004. "Survival Estimates for Juvenile Fish Subjected to a Laboratory-Generated Shear Environment ." Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 133:447-454. 

2003

2002

  • Cook CB, MC Richmond, JA Serkowski, and LL Ebner. 2002. "Free-Surface Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling of a Spillway and Tailrace: Case Study of The Dalles Project ." In Hydrovision 2002, paper no. 120.  HCI Publications, Kansas City, MO. 
  • Pearson WH, MC Richmond, and J Schafer. 2002. "Culvert Testing Program for Juvenile Salmonid Passage." In Proceedings of the International Conference on Ecology and Transportation, Keystone, CO, September 24-28, 2001. , pp. 92-97.  NC State University, Center for Transportation and the Environment, Raleigh, NC. 
  • Rakowski CL, MC Richmond, JA Serkowski, and LL Ebner. 2002. "Three-Dimensional Simulation of Forebay and Turbine Intakes Flows for the Bonneville Project." In HydroVision 2002: Issues Solutions New approaches, p. paper No. 137.  HCI Publications, Kansas City, MO. 
  • Scheibe TD, MC Richmond, and LE Fidler. 2002. "Impacts of individual fish movement patterns on estimates of mortality due to dissolved gas supersaturation in the Columbia River Basin." In HydroVision 2002: Issues Solutioins New Approaches, p. no. 155.  HCI Publications, Kansas City, MO. 
  • Scheibe TD, and MC Richmond. 2002. "Fish Individual-based Numerical Simulator (FINS): A particle-based model of juvenile salmonid movement and dissolved gas exposure history in the Columbia River Basin." Ecological Modelling 147(3):233-252. 

2001

2000

Hydrology

Additional Information