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Hydrology

Fred Zhang

Fred Zhang

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352

Research Interests

  • Parameter estimation and inverse modeling
  • Unsaturated and saturated flow and transport
  • Flow instability
  • Uncertainty and stochastic analysis
  • Multiphase flow

Education and Credentials

  • Diploma of Micro-Computer Systems: McMaster University, 2000
  • Ph.D., Soil Physics, University of Guelph, 1999
  • M.S., Soil Science, Beijing Agricultural University, 1988
  • B.S., Soil and Agro-Chemistry, Beijing Agricultural University, 1985

Affiliations and Professional Service

Awards and Recognitions

  • June 2003, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Environmental Technology Directorate, Shining Star Award
  • May 2003, The 2002 "Editors' Citation for Excellence in Manuscript Review" by the Vadose Zone Journal (VZJ)
  • October 1998, Ontario Agricultural College, University of Guelph, Canada, 1-year Mary Williams Scholarship
  • May 1998, University of Guelph Scholarship
  • October 1996, Ontario Agricultural College, University of Guelph, Canada, 2-year Mary Williams Scholarship
  • January 1996 - December 1998, University of Guelph, Canada, Combined Visa Scholarship and Differential Tuition Waiver
  • 12/1994-03/1995: United Nations Development Program (UNDP) fellowship
  • 03/1992: Received the third prize of science-and-technology improvement of China‚Äôs national Ministry of Agriculture on the technical package for the cultivation of high yield crops in Weibei dry lands, Shaanxi province
  • September 1991, Received the second prize of science-and-technology improvement of Shaanxi province, China, on the technical package for the cultivation of high yield crops in Weibei dry lands, Shaanxi province

PNNL Publications

2017

  • Zhang Z, CE Strickland, and SO Link. 2017. "Design and Performance Evaluation of a 1000-year Evapotranspiration-Capillary Surface Barrier." Journal of Environmental Management 187:31-42.  doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.11.007

2016

  • Gilmore TJ, AH Bonneville, EC Sullivan, ME Kelley, D Appriou, VR Vermeul, SK White, Z Zhang, BN Bjornstad, F Cornet, JL Gerst, N Gupta, G Hund, JA Horner, GV Last, DC Lanigan, M Oostrom, C McNeil, MA Moody, ML Rockhold, ML Elliott, FA Spane, CE Strickland, LL Swartz, PD Thorne, CF Brown, J Hoffmann, and KK Humphreys, JR. 2016. "Characterization and Design of the FutureGen 2.0 Carbon Storage Site." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 53:1-10.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.07.022
  • Rockhold ML, ZF Zhang, and YJ Bott. 2016. Scale-Dependent Solute Dispersion in Variably Saturated Porous MediaPNNL-25146, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Wang H, S Wang, R Fan, and Z Zhang. 2016. Minimizing Uncertainties Impact in Decision Making with an Applicability Study for Economic Power DispatchPNNL-26084, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Zhang ZF, DM Wellman, JG Morse, KD Leary, and MD Freshley. 2016. "Performance of a Surface Barrier for Waste Isolation and Flux Reduction at the Hanford Site." In Annual Waste Management Conference (WM2016), March 6-10, 2016, Phoenix, Arizona, vol. 5, pp. 3474-3482, Paper No. 16099.  Waste Management Symposia, Inc., TEMPE, AZ. 
  • Zhang ZF, M Oostrom, and MD White. 2016. "Relative Permeability for Multiphase Flow for Oven-Dry to Full Saturation Conditions." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 49:259-266.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.02.029
  • Zhang ZF. 2016. "Evaluating the long-term hydrology of an evapotranspiration-capillary barrier with a 1000 year design life." Water Resources Research 52(6):4883-4904.  doi:10.1002/2015WR018167

2015

  • Rockhold ML, ZF Zhang, PD Meyer, and JN Thomle. 2015. Physical, Hydraulic, and Transport Properties of Sediments and Engineered Materials Associated with Hanford Immobilized Low-Activity WastePNNL-23711; RPT-IGTP-004, Rev. 0, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Zhang ZF, SK White, and MD White. 2015. "Delineating the Horizontal Plume Extent and CO2 Distribution at Geologic Sequestration Sites." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 43:141-148.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2015.10.018
  • Zhang ZF. 2015. "Field Soil Water Retention of the Prototype Hanford Barrier and Its Variability with Space and Time." Vadose Zone Journal 14(8):Article No. 0011.  doi:10.2136/vzj2015.01.0011

2014

  • Zhang ZF, SK White, A Bonneville, and TJ Gilmore. 2014. "Local Sensitivity of Predicted CO2 Injectivity and Plume Extent to Model Inputs for the FutureGen 2.0 site." Energy Procedia 63:3805-3814.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.409
  • Zhang ZF. 2014. "Relationship between Anisotropy in Soil Hydraulic Conductivity and Saturation." Vadose Zone Journal 13(6):, doi:10.2136/vzj2013.09.0172

2013

  • Bonneville A, TJ Gilmore, EC Sullivan, VR Vermeul, ME Kelley, SK White, D Appriou, BN Bjornstad, JL Gerst, N Gupta, JA Horner, C McNeil, MA Moody, WM Rike, FA Spane, PD Thorne, ER Zeller, ZF Zhang, J Hoffman, and KK Humphreys. 2013. "Evaluating the Suitability for CO2 Storage at the FutureGen 2.0 Site, Morgan County, Illinois, USA." Energy Procedia 37:6125-6132.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.541
  • Liu Z, M Flury, ZF Zhang, JB Harsh, GW Gee, CE Strickland, and RE Clayton. 2013. "Transport of Europium Colloids in Vadose Zone Lysimeters at the Semiarid Hanford Site." Environmental Science & Technology 47(5):2153-2160. 
  • White MD, DH Bacon, SK White, and ZF Zhang. 2013. "Fully Coupled Well Models for Fluid Injection and Production." Energy Procedia 37:3960-3970.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.295

2012

  • White MD, DH Bacon, BP McGrail, DJ Watson, SK White, and ZF Zhang. 2012. STOMP Subsurface Transport Over Multiple Phases: STOMP-CO2 and STOMP-CO2e Guide: Version 1.0PNNL-21268, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Zhang ZF, CE Strickland, JG Field, DL Parker, and RE Clayton. 2012. "Evaluating the Performance of a Surface Barrier on Reducing Soil-Water Flow ." Vadose Zone Journal 11(3):Article No. 0117.  doi:10.2136/vzj2011.0117
  • Zhang ZF, L Zhong, MD White, and JE Szecsody. 2012. "Experimental Investigation of the Effective Foam Viscosity in Unsaturated Porous Media." Vadose Zone Journal 11(4):, doi:10.2136/vzj2011.0190

2011

  • Jansik DP, DM Wellman, SV Mattigod, L Zhong, Y Wu, M Foote, ZF Zhang, and S Hubbard. 2011. "FOAM: NOVEL DELIVERY TECHNOLOGY FOR REMEDIATION OF VADOSE ZONE ENVIRONMENTS." In 14th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management, September 25-29, Reims, France, no. ICEM2011-59019, pp. 406-416.  ASME, New York, NY.  doi:10.1115/ICEM2011-59019
  • Zhang ZF, AL Ward, and JM Keller. 2011. "Determining the Porosity and Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity of Binary Mixtures." Vadose Zone Journal 10(1):313-321.  doi:10.2136/vzj2009.0138
  • Zhang ZF, CE Strickland, JG Field, and DL Parker. 2011. T-TY Tank Farm Interim Surface Barrier Demonstration - Vadose Zone Monitoring FY10 ReportPNNL-20144, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Zhang ZF. 2011. "Soil Water Retention and Relative Permeability for Conditions from Oven-Dry to Full Saturation." Vadose Zone Journal 10(4):1299-1308.  doi:10.2136/vzj2011.0019

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

  • Ward AL, ZF Zhang, and GW Gee. 2006. "Upscaling unsaturated hydraulic parameters for flow through heterogeneous anisotropic sediments." Advances in Water Resources 29(2):268-280.  doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2005.02.013
  • Zhang ZF, and JM Keller. 2006. T Tank Farm Interim Cover Test - Design PlanPNNL-15913 Rev. 0, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Ward AL, ME Conrad, WD Daily, JB Fink, VL Freedman, GW Gee, GM Hoversten, JM Keller, EL Majer, CJ Murray, MD White, SB Yabusaki, and ZF Zhang. 2006. Vadose Zone Transport Field Study: Summary Report PNNL-15443, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Ward AL, ZF Zhang, and GW Gee. 2006. "Upscaling unsaturated hydraulic parameters for flow through heterogeneous anisotropic sediments ." Advances in Water Resources 29(2):268-280. 

2005

2004

  • Ward AL, GW Gee, ZF Zhang, and JM Keller. 2004. Vadose Zone Contaminant Fate and Transport Analysis for the 216-B-26 Trench PNNL-14907, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Gee GW, AL Ward, ZF Zhang, and A Anandacoomaraswamy. 2004. "Use of Water Fluxmeters to Measure Drainage." In Drainage VIII : Proceedings of the 8th International Drainage Symposium, 21-24 March 2004, Sacramento, California , ed. Richard A. Cooke, pp. 321 -331.  American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, MI. 
  • Gee GW, ZF Zhang, AL Ward, and JM Keller. 2004. "Passive-wick water fluxmeters: theory and practice." In SuperSoil2004: 3rd Australian New Zealand Soils Conference, December 5-9, 2004 Sydney, Australia, ed. B Singh.  The Regional Institute Ltd, Gosford, Australia. 
  • Raats PA, ZF Zhang, AL Ward, and GW Gee. 2004. "The relative connectivity-tortuosity tensor for conduction of water in anisotropic unsaturated soils." Vadose Zone Journal 3(4):1471-1478. 
  • Zhang ZF, AL Ward, and GW Gee. 2004. "A Combined Parameter Scaling and Inverse Technique to Upscale the Unsaturated Hydraulic Parameters for Heterogeneous Soils ." Water Resources Research 40(8):1-13 (W08306). 
  • Zhang ZF, AL Ward, and GW Gee. 2004. "A Parameter Scaling Concept for Estimating Field-Scale Hydraulic Functions of Layered Soils ." Journal of Hydraulic Research 42(SI):93 - 103. 
  • Zhang ZF, VL Freedman, SR Waichler, and MD White. 2004. 2004 Initial Assessments of Closure for the S-SX Tank Farm: Numerical Simulations PNNL-14604, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Zhang ZF, VL Freedman, and SR Waichler. 2004. 2004 Initial Assessments for the T and TX TY Tank Farm Field Investigation Report (FIR): Numerical SimulationsPNNL-14838, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2003

  • Ward AL, GW Gee, ZF Zhang, and JM Keller. 2003. Vadose Zone Transport Field Study: FY 2002 Status ReportPNNL-14150, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Gee GW, ZF Zhang, and AL Ward. 2003. "A modified vadose zone fluxmeter with solution collection capability." Vadose Zone Journal 2:627-632. 
  • Zhang ZF, AL Ward, and GW Gee. 2003. "A Tensorial Connectivity-Tortuosity Concept to Describe the Unsaturated Hydraulic Properties of Anisotropic Soils." Vadose Zone Journal 2(3):313-321. 
  • Zhang ZF, AL Ward, and GW Gee. 2003. "Estimating Soil Hydraulic Parameters of a Field Drainage Experiment Using Inverse Techniques." Vadose Zone Journal 2:201-211. 
  • Zhang ZF, VL Freedman, and MD White. 2003. 2003 Initial Assessments of Closure for the C Tank Farm Field Investigation Report (FIR):Numerical Simulations PNNL-14334, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2002

2001

  • Ward AL, GW Gee, and ZF Zhang. 2001. "The effect of fluid properties on field-scale anion transport during intermittent unsaturated flow." Eos 82(47):F421. 
  • Zhang ZF, AL Ward, and GW Gee. 2001. "Estimating soil hydraulic properties from field-scale experiments using the inverse model UCODE with the STOMP simulator." Eos 82(47):F363. 

Hydrology

Additional Information